|Degree Code:||C01||Degree Name:||BACHELOR OF ARTS IN GEOGRAPHY AND ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES|
|Degree Description:||Click to View|
Bachelor of Arts in Geography and Environmental Studies
|Course Structure and Duration||View Details|
9.1.1 BA Programme will run for a minimum of 8 semesters and maximum of 22 semesters from the date of registration
9.1.2 The minimum semester load shall be two course units and the maximum shall be seven course units.
9.1.3 Each course unit in the programme has a loading of 45 hours.
|Credits Transfer and Exemptions||View Details|
1. A candidate from a recognized University, or any other equivalent institution recognized by the University of Nairobi senate, wishing to transfer to the BA. programme at the University of Nairobi shall be allowed to transfer credits from his/her University if those credits are deemed relevant and meet the required minimum contact hours. A University of Nairobi student who obtains a credit or credits from a recognized university shall also be allowed to transfer those credits to the University of Nairobi. The transferred credits shall not be more than a 1/3 of the total prescribed credits and/or course units required for the award of the BA. degree.
Where a candidate wishes to be exempted from any course unit, he/she shall follow the procedure set out below: -
i) The candidate shall send a formal application for exemption to the Academic Registrar through the Dean of Arts, justifying his/her request and attaching evidence of the credentials, which would support such a request.
ii) The candidate shall undertake to submit himself/herself to an exemption examination set and administered by the Faculty of Arts, and approved by Senate. In any such examination the pass mark shall be 50%.
iii) A candidate who has to take an exemption examination shall be required to pay to the University an exemption fee as may be prescribed from time to time by the Faculty.
iv) An exemption examination shall be assessed within three weeks of its taking place, and the Faculty Board shall make its recommendation to the Senate. The Academic Registrar shall communicate to the candidate the Senate’s decision.
v) The Faculty may, for reasons of exceptional academic merit, recommend to Senate the exemption of an applicant from a core course or an elective course without being subjected to an exemption examination.
2. Regulation 9.3.2 above notwithstanding, and subject to the recommendation of the department(s) concerned, and approval of the faculty, any person qualified to attend lectures at the University of Nairobi at any given level may register for, attend lectures and be examined in one or more course units of his/her choice whenever these are taught in the parallel programmes, provided that he/she shall apply through the official channels, and pay the stipulated fees for the selected course unit(s) as well as other specified charges. At the end of the semester or academic year the student shall receive an official university transcript certifying his/her performance in the course unit(s) concerned.
|Entry Requirements||View Details|
A candidate must satisfy the prescribed University of Nairobi requirements.
2. Subject to regulation 1 above, a candidate for admission to the Faculty of Arts (hereinafter referred to as “the Faculty”) must have any of the following as minimum qualifications:
i) KCSE. with a C+ or equivalent
ii) KCSE. with a C plain or equivalent Plus a Diploma (including IB Diploma) or equivalent from a recognized post- secondary institution.
iii) KCE./EACE Div. III/ Ordinary GCE or equivalent Plus a Diploma (including IB Diploma) or equivalent from a recognized post- secondary institution.
iv) KACE. or EAACE./Advanced GCE Certificate with one principal pass Plus a Diploma (including IB Diploma) or equivalent from a recognized post- secondary institution.
v) KACE. or EAACE. certificate with two principal passes or equivalent.
vi) International Baccalaureate Diploma
vii) A degree from a recognized University or equivalent.
3. The Faculty board shall obtain a list of recognized institutions from either the Kenya National Examinations Council or Commission for Higher Education.
4. A Diploma course shall be required to have covered at least 3 course units of 45 contact hours each over a minimum period of 2 semesters of 15 weeks or 270 contact hours
5. A candidate shall be allowed to register only in those course units and their combinations approved by the Faculty. Any modification of such combination(s) shall be allowed only after obtaining approval of the Faculty, provided such modification is done within the first two weeks of the semester.
A candidate must also satisfy requirements of the department(s) in which he/she wishes to register.
Continuing students must register for course units within the first two weeks of the
|Examination Regulations||View Details|
1. Except as hereunder specified, common university examination regulations shall apply.
2. There shall be University examinations at the end of each semester. All course units shall be examined and written examinations processed at the end of the semester in which they are taken.
3. A candidate shall NOT be permitted to sit an examination unless he/she has attended prescribed courses of study in accordance with University regulations and to the satisfaction of the departments or programmes concerned, as well as the Faculty.
4. Unless otherwise specified, end of semester examinations shall consist of a two-hour paper for each course unit taken in the semester.
5. Assessment of each candidate’s performance in the course unit taken shall be through Continuous Assessment Tests (CATs) and end of semester examinations based on percentage grades. CAT assessment(s) shall constitute 30% of the total marks in a given unit and shall consist of an average of at least 2 assignments while end of semester examinations shall constitute 70% of the unit examined. Every department shall set procedures for CAT(s) assessments.
6. Each course unit shall be graded out of an examination of 100 marks, and the pass mark shall be 40% for each unit. These marks shall be translated into letter grades as follows:-
70% - 100% = A
60% - 69% = B
50% - 59% = C
40% - 49% = D
Below 40% = E
7. i) An external examiner shall be invited at least once in each academic year to moderate all end of semester examinations. Between the visits of the external examiner, each department shall appoint with the approval of the Dean one or more qualified person(s) at the level of Senior Lecturer and above to internally moderate end of semester examinations in order to facilitate the convening of the Faculty Board of Examiners and the subsequent issuance of provisional results to candidates. The appointment of internal moderators shall be subject to approval by the University.
ii) Provisional examination results shall be made available to students upon request following the Faculty Board of Examiners meeting at which those results are approved. The requesting candidate shall be issued with a provisional Result Slip indicating letter grades for each course unit examined.
8. A candidate who fails any end-of-semester examination paper at the First attempt shall be allowed one more attempt to sit and pass that paper when it is next offered. A candidate who fails a paper may, in consultation with the department and with approval by the faculty, substitute that course unit as long as it is not a core unit with another of the same level from the same department. This regulation shall apply in Levels III & IV.
9. Subject to regulation 30 above,
i) A Level I student who has up to but NOT MORE THAN SIX failed grades shall not be allowed to proceed to Level II unless he/she has passed the failed units. However, if the failed units happen to be prerequisites for other advanced courses, the candidate must first pass them before he/she can be allowed to register in the advanced units that require the prerequisites. Similarly, a Level II student who has up to but NOT MORE THAN SIX failed grades shall not be allowed to proceed to the next level unless he/she has passed the failed units. When re sat, a failed unit shall carry a maximum of 40% of the total marks and coursework marks shall not be considered. When retaken, a unit shall carry a maximum of 100% of the total marks and course work shall be considered.
ii) No student with failed grade(s) shall be allowed to proceed to the next level unless he/she has successfully taken and passed the re sits/retakes.
iii) A candidate who has up to 3 failed units shall be required to re sit with an option of retaking the failed units (register, attend lectures, submit coursework and sit final examination again when next offered.)
iv) A candidate who has between 4 and 6 failed units shall retake them without option of re sits.
v) A candidate who has 7 or more failed units shall be discontinued.
vi) In all retakes or re sits, marks obtained in the more recent examination(s) shall prevail; and transcripts shall identify all course units with marks obtained after a re sit or retake.
|MODULE II FEES||View Details|
COST PER SEMESTER (Kshs.)
Note: Add Kshs 5000/= one-time refundable caution money. Non-Kenyans, add 25% to each item.
*Other charges per semester: Registration (1000/-), Medical emergency cover (5,000/= Annually), Annual ID (500/-, paid in the first semester of each academic year), Library (1000/-), Activity (2000/= Annually) Computer Lab (5,000/= Annually) SONU (1000/= Annually).
B.A. COST IN THE FIRST SEMESTER (assuming 6 units) = 66,700/=
|Level : 1|
|Course Code||Course Name||Course Hours|
|CGP 105||Physical Geography I||45||View Description|
Physical Geography I Description
Introduction to geomorphology. The solar system, the universe and the planet earth. The nature (interior composition) of the earth, major physical processes (endogenic and exogenic), vulcanicity, faulting and folding. The materials of the earth's crust (rocks), types and classification of rocks. The major features (lineaments) of the earth, theories explaining the earth’s lineaments, plate tectonics and continental drift. The permanency of the oceans. Introduction to climatology. Evolution and composition of the atmosphere. Weather and climate. Factors and elements of climate. Radiation process and energy balance in the earth-atmosphere system. Precipitation processes. Climate characteristics and patterns.
|CGP 106||The East African Environment||45||View Description|
The East African Environment Description
Introduction to the concept of East African environment. The physical environment of East Africa: location, geological basis, climate, pedology, biogeographical traits and ecological regions. The origin and formation of the Eastern African Rift Valley system and associated landforms. The East African lakes. The biophysical and natural resource potential and constraints. The human environment: demographic dynamics, infrastructure, agriculture, industrialization, urbanization, inter-regional cooperation and trade and economic development.
|CGP 107||Human Geography I||45||View Description|
Human Geography I Description
Introduction to human geography. Geography as a science. Methodology of human geography. The relationship between physical and human geography. Palaeo-climatology and human tenure of the earth. Humans as ecological agents. Human’s role in changing the face of the earth. Human environment from simple to complex societies. Link between environment and human economies. Ecosystem and human development linkages. Spatial structure and organisation of human economies. Cultural considerations in the human environment. Human settlements and global human activities.
|Course Code||Course Name||Course Hours|
|CGP 108||Map And Aerial Photo Interpretation||45||View Description|
Map And Aerial Photo Interpretation Description
Meaning, purpose and types of maps. Marginal information on maps. Map reference system, symbols and projections. Map scale and measurements on maps. Representation and mapping of relief. Drawing of profiles and recognition of landforms. Analysis of drainage basin networks. Analysis of land use, settlement patterns and transport networks. Introduction to aerial photography: meaning and uses of aerial photos, the electro-magnetic spectrum. Methods of aerial photography: vertical and oblique photos. Photo-scale and measurements. Theory and logic in aerial photo interpretation. Aerial photo interpretation in relation to different geographical studies.
|Level : 2|
|Course Code||Course Name||Course Hours|
|CGP 221||Physical Geography Ii||45||View Description|
Physical Geography Ii Description
Rocks and their influence on the development of landforms. Weathering and its importance in landscape development. Slopes: types, development and stability. Classification of mass movements. The hydrological cycle. Drainage basin characteristics (geometry). Types of aquifers. Changes in atmospheric pressure, thermal structure, Stefan-Boltzman law, Wiens Law, net radiation, greenhouse effect and mechanism of heat transfer. Introduction to general circulation: the heat engine-movements within atmospheric and oceanic masses, laws of atmospheric motion and circulation models. The water balance concept. Characteristics of ecosystems. Major world ecosystems. Ecosystem processes as life support systems for the biosphere. Energy flow and ecological niche concepts. Biogeochemical cycling. Ecological succession and population dynamics. Introduction to soil geography: major soil concepts and characteristics, soil classification and distribution. The human impact on the biosphere.
|CGP 223||Human Geography Ii||45||View Description|
Human Geography Ii Description
The concept of space. Spatial interaction. Location theory and practice: approaches to the location problem, factors of location, factors and models of industrial location, location theory and practice in farming. Human settlements: classification of settlements, settlement theories and models, measurements of spatial patterns of settlements. Resource management and conservation: definition and classification of resources, problems in resource utilization, resource conservation and management. Human resources and food production: world food supply, factors determining world food supply, prospects and challenges in world food production.
|Course Code||Course Name||Course Hours|
|CGP 222||Surveying And Cartography||45||View Description|
Surveying And Cartography Description
Necessity of fieldwork in the study of geography; measuring of distances and angles in the field; scale for representing of ground on paper; and importance of the map. Rudiments of surveying: the theodolite, the tacheometer, the level, the magnetic compass, the chain and the alidade. Trigonometric heighting, levelling for land transects, simple contour maps and river profiles. Traversing and plane table techniques in topographic mapping. Computation of areas. Elements of cartography: meaning and development. Map projections, their development and application. Drawing accurate graticules of cylindrical, zenithal, azimuthal, conical and elliptical projections. Systems of accurate locating of places on earth’s surface. Earth’s rotation, time zones and seasons. Map design, compilation, production and reproduction. Importance of topo-base maps and thematic maps. Implications of fieldwork and map projections for map analysis, interpretation and evaluation.
|CGP 224||Principles Of Environmental Conservation And Management||45||View Description|
Principles Of Environmental Conservation And Management Description
Introduction to environmental conservation and management. Essential knowledge about the environment: the natural and social environment. Environmental health. Energy and the environment. Human settlements and the environment. Natural hazards. Pollution and the environment. Problems of environmental resources: climate change and global warming, threat to biodiversity, desertification, etc. Environmental conservation and management.
|Level : 3|
|Course Code||Course Name||Course Hours|
|CGP 321||Economic Geography||45||View Description|
Economic Geography Description
Nature of economic geography. Theory, model and explanation in economic geography. Changing perspectives in economic geography. Measuring economic performance: growth or development? Globalization. Resources and agriculture. Geography of production. Geographies of money. Tertiary sector: Post-industrialism and the growth/location of services. Economic geography of global trade. Gender and development. Economic development planning and policies in Kenya. New trends in economic geography.
|CGP 323||Geomorphology||45||View Description|
Fundamental concepts in geomorphology. Morphogenetic regions. Climatic geomorphology. Rock characteristics and its influence in landscape development. Geomorphology of arid and semi-arid lands. Geomorphology of glacial and periglacial lands. Fluvial geomorphology. Grade and equilibrium. Types and development of fluvial landforms. Coastal processes and associated landforms. Sea level changes, its causes and effects on the development of coastal landforms. Evidence of sea level changes. Coastal classification: types and approaches. Volcanic processes and associated landforms. Geomorphology of Kenya and general evolution of Africa as a continent.
|CGP 325||Industrial Geography||45||View Description|
Industrial Geography Description
Approaches to industrial geography: idiographic, nomothetic, conventional and radical theoretical approaches. Manufacturing change in historical perspective: evolution of manufacturing, fordist mass production and flexible or lean production. Geography of manufacturing: the geographic unevenness of production, manufacturing sector in economic development, national policies towards industrialization. Factory location and theory of the firm. Production systems and local development: industrial districts, home and host economies, de-industrialization. Green manufacturing and cleaner production.
|CGP 327||Geography Of Recreation And Tourism||45||View Description|
Geography Of Recreation And Tourism Description
Definitions and basic concepts. Growth and patterns of global tourism. Dimensions of, approaches to, and issues in recreation and the environment. Cultural and heritage tourism. Adventure and eco-tourism. Other tourism and recreational activities and the environment. Urban tourism and recreational facilities. Resource issues: conflicts and compatibilities. Impacts and consequences of tourism. Planning for sustainable tourism. Tourism resources and their spatial distribution in Kenya. The structure of Kenya’s tourism industry. Alternative tourism and sustainable development in Kenya. Tourism and development in Kenya.
|CGP 329||Environment And Development In Africa||45||View Description|
Environment And Development In Africa Description
Historical geography of Africa. Unity and diversity of the African continent. General characteristics and variations in geology, climate, soils and vegetation. Population dynamics and migration patterns. Urbanization and industrialization. Transport and communications. Agriculture, forestry and mining. Energy and water resources. Tourism resources and development. Continent-wide eco-political co-operations, regional common markets and their role in development. Development potentials and constraints in Africa.
|CGP 331||Agricultural Geography||45||View Description|
Agricultural Geography Description
Introduction to agricultural geography. Origin and evolution of agriculture. Major agricultural regions of the world and agricultural systems. Models of agricultural land use and location. Bio-physical determinants of agricultural patterns: climate, soils and biotic factors. Non-physical determinants of agricultural patterns: economic, socio-cultural, political, infrastructural and land tenure factors. “Improvement” and “transformational” approaches to agricultural development in selected countries. Agriculture and economic development. Issues in food production, food security and agroforestry. Biotechnology and food production. Agriculture and livelihoods. Agricultural development in Kenya: small and large scale farming, irrigation farming, policy issues. Use of remote sensing, GIS and GPS in crop management. Land tenure and land information systems.
|CGP 333||Geography Of Resources||45||View Description|
Geography Of Resources Description
Introduction to geography of resources: types of resources and their spatial occurrence. Changing uses of resources. Renewability, recycling and sustainability of resources. Resources analysis, appraisal, management and conservation. Aesthetic resources and tourism. Land, air and oceans as resources and their ecological considerations. Landscape evaluation and carrying capacity. Impact of natural hazards on resources. Environmental impact assessment of resource use. Population and resource availability (conflicts). World food policies and development. Sharing global resources. The role of the United Nations system in resource issues.
|Course Code||Course Name||Course Hours|
|CGP 322||Research Methods And Field Work||45||View Description|
Research Methods And Field Work Description
Meaning, purpose and types of research. The scientific method in research. Identification and statement of a research problem. Formulation of research objectives and hypotheses. Literature review and referencing. Theoretical and conceptual frameworks. Types and measurement of data. Sources and methods of data collection. Sampling and sampling procedures. Design of questionnaires and other data collection tools. Components of a research proposal and a research report. Meaning and purpose of statistics. Construction and presentation of frequency distributions. Measures of central tendency. Measures of variability and dispersion. Types of frequency distributions: skewness and kurtosis, normal curve and standard scores. Introduction to qualitative methods in research. All students shall undergo a mandatory field class of both individual and group activities, from which each student shall write an examinable field class report.
|CGP 324||Climatology And Hydrology||45||View Description|
Climatology And Hydrology Description
Atmospheric dynamics: energy and moisture, heat exchange, stability and geostrophic winds. General circulation of the atmosphere. Tropical weather systems. Climate and climatic classification. Introduction to weather forecasting, weather observations, synoptic climatology and storms, weather patterns and long-range forecasting, climatic hazards and upper air observations. Introduction to hydrology. Hydrological cycle and its components. Measurement and analysis of precipitation, interception evaporation and infiltration. Soil drainage and movement of water in the soil. Ground water occurrence and movements, geological influence, exploration and development. Stream flow (runoff) and measurement.
|CGP 326||Medical Geography||45||View Description|
Medical Geography Description
Introduction to geography of health and diseases. Environmental and behavioural causes of disease. Disease dynamics, diffusion and transmission. Health indicators and disease atlases. Determinants of unequal health distribution. Status of primary health care delivery systems in rural and urban areas. Public health and environmental policies. Plants of medicinal value: their ecological distribution, preservation and conservation. Elements of geo-medical statistics.
|CGP 328||Remote Sensing And Geographic Information Systems (gis)||45||View Description|
Remote Sensing And Geographic Information Systems (gis) Description
Principles of remote sensing: introduction to remote sensing techniques and air photo interpretation, data collection and interpretation, remote sensing platforms, sensors and products. Basic concepts in GIS: definitions, components of a GIS environment, working with GIS, GIS data types, spatial data capture, data sources and input procedures. Introduction to GPS. Introduction to digital maps and topographic databases. GIS-remote sensing interface. Introduction to desktop GIS and remote sensing environment.
|CGP 330||Urban Geography||45||View Description|
Urban Geography Description
Introduction to urban geography. Origins and functions of urban centres. Evolution of city forms. Internal structure of cities and urban land use theory. Location, spacing and size distribution of urban centres. Trends and patterns of urbanization: global perspectives, sub-Saharan Africa and in Kenya. Urbanization and development. Urbanization and environment. Case studies of urbanization problems and urban challenge in sub-Saharan Africa. Urban poverty, informal economies and livelihoods. Urban-rural linkages. Urban governance and management. Urban and regional planning policies in Kenya. The role and activities of the UNCHS (UN-Habitat) towards a sustainable urban environment.
|CGP 332||Geography Of The World Economies||45||View Description|
Geography Of The World Economies Description
Introduction to geography of development: definition of development and underdevelopment, global core-periphery patterns, models of economic development, sustainable development. Resource development and utilization: definition and types of resources, world resource supply, renewability, resource use and conflict, resource management and conservation. Agricultural and industrial development. Technology transfer, information flows and development. Globalization: definition, transnationals and globalization, flexible production systems.
|CGP 334||Political Geography||45||View Description|
Political Geography Description
Introduction to political geography. Land, people and language as the bases of state and nationhood. Geographical sub-divisions of states. Electoral geography and psephological considerations of voting. Geo-politics, geo-strategy, changing frontiers and irredentism. The role of the state and world power politics in colonialism, imperialism, decolonization, balkanization and regionalization. Developed, developing and disempowered parts of the world. National and supra-national organizations. The world systems approach to politics, development and trade. The United Nations system. Peace and international understanding and cooperation.
|Level : 4|
|Course Code||Course Name||Course Hours|
|CGP 421||Population Geography||45||View Description|
Population Geography Description
Introduction to population geography. Sources and evaluation of population data. Population growth theories and paradigms. Human ecology: size, distribution, composition, structure and density. Parameters of population change (fertility, mortality and migration), their basic measures and determinants. The geography of hunger, disease and poverty. Population and natural resource utilization. Population and development debate. Refugee crisis. Population projections. Case studies of population policies and programmes. Future prospects for human survival.
|CGP 423||Biogeography||45||View Description|
Introduction to tropical ecosystems. Major characteristics and threats facing natural ecosystems: forests, grasslands, arid and semi-arid lands. Wetlands and other aquatic ecosystems. Major environmental problems in tropical areas: land degradation, atmospheric, water and solid waste pollution. Ecological crop geography: the ecological basis for agricultural policies. Biotechnology and life forms: potential and risks. Animal geography with emphasis on human-wildlife conflicts. Conservation of biodiversity: management of protected areas, biosphere reserves, Ramsar and world heritage sites. Role of biogeography in the management of shared and Common Property Resources (CPRs). Fundamentals of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) and Environmental Audits (EAs). Principles of biogeographical reconstruction and monitoring.
|CGP 425||Regional Development And Planning||45||View Description|
Regional Development And Planning Description
Introduction to the world economies. Developed versus the developing economies. Theories of regional growth and development. Regional development variables: physical and human. Principles of eco-development, sustainable development and equitable development planning. Regional development strategies and practices. The role of political economy and institutional economics in regional development and planning. National and regional development plans and constraints to the implementation of development programmes. Planning for the border regions, ASALs, etc. Community initiatives in regional development. Case studies of regional development authorities in Kenya.
|CGP 427||Soil Study And Land Degradation||45||View Description|
Soil Study And Land Degradation Description
Introduction to the concepts of land and soil. Origin, nature and classification of soils. Classification of soils in Kenya. Factors and processes of soil formation. Soil profiles. Physical and chemical properties of soils. Nutrient requirements and mineral nutrition of plants. Soil organisms and organic matter. Soil, water and plant relationship. Soil resources and food supply. Introduction to land to concept of degradation. Types of land degradation. Causes and indicators of land degradation. Soil erosion and conservation. Methods of studying soils and land degradation. Monitoring land degradation and estimation of soil erosion. Issues in land management and rehabilitation.
|CGP 431||Arid And Semi-arid Lands Resources Management||45||View Description|
Arid And Semi-arid Lands Resources Management Description
Introduction to ASALs, their status and potential. Classification of ASALs. Physical, chemical and biological processes in ASAL environments. ASALs' natural resources: topography, minerals, soils, vegetation, wildlife, water and energy. Population dynamics. Climate in ASALs. Climate-drought interrelationship. Famine and food security. Land use systems: wildlife, pastoralism, agriculture. The concept of desertification and desertification control. Integrated resources inventory management and bio-monitoring methods. Conservation and management of ASAL environments and bio-diversity. Indigenous knowledge systems for ASALs management. ASALs’ policy design issues and policy options. Economic development issues. The future of ASALs in East Africa in general and Kenya in particular.
|CGP 433||Feminist Geographies||45||View Description|
Feminist Geographies Description
Defining gender, and understanding geography and feminism. A history of feminist geographies. Place and the construction of gender, race, and ethnicity. Urban spatial divisions: production and reproduction. Feminisation of poverty. Public and private spheres. Space, place and the gendered body. Gender and the politics of space and scale: the local, national and global. Gender and environment. The practice of feminist geography: research methods and fieldwork.
|CGP 435||Geographies Of Corporate Social And Environmental Responsibility||45||View Description|
Geographies Of Corporate Social And Environmental Responsibility Description
Introduction to Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and Ethics: understanding CSR and ethics, theories on ethics, ethical decision-making in practice. CSR and stakeholders: shareholders, employees, consumers and business ethics, suppliers and competitors, civil society and governments. Categorization of global factors and driving forces that have led to the need to develop CSR strategies. Identification of global measures of the three pillars of sustainable development. Assessment of major sustainable development challenges facing businesses today. Environmental and social impacts of industrial businesses practices. Evolution of CSR and governance guidelines. Impact assessments of CSR. Corporate responsibility: core development issues in Kenya.
|CGP 437||Applied Geomorphology||45||View Description|
Applied Geomorphology Description
Introduction to applied geomorphology. Main fields of applied geomorphology. Relief and geomorphological processes in engineering. Geomorphological factors in urban and rural settlements. Geomorphological inputs in physical planning and surveying for disaster mitigation. Landforms as tourist sites. Applied geomorphology in karst regions. Applied fluvial geomorphology. Geomorphological problems in glacial and periglacial regions (areas). Dune dynamics and arid land (desert) development. Slope stability and erosion surveys. Geomorphology in mineral exploitation. Geomorphological mapping and terrain classification. Applied geomorphology in coastal zone planning and management. Methods in geomorphology: cases studies, field and laboratory work.
|Course Code||Course Name||Course Hours|
|CGP 422||Statistical Techniques And Analysis||45||View Description|
Statistical Techniques And Analysis Description
Hypothesis testing. Parametric tests: difference-between-means-test (t-test and ANOVA). Nonparametric tests: Chi-square test, Kruskal Wallis test and Mann-Whitney test. Simple correlation and regression analysis. Multiple correlation and regression analysis. Spatial analysis: analysis of point and line patterns, construction and analysis of statistical maps.
|CGP 424||Global Environmental Issues||45||View Description|
Global Environmental Issues Description
This course will involve discussions and seminars on contemporary global environmental issues and discourses. Some of the broad topics will include the following among others: global warming; climate justice and equity; globalization and environment; invasive species; emerging environmental disasters; international environmental politics including hydropolitics and biopolitics.
|CGP 426||Demography||45||View Description|
Definition, nature and scope of demography. Development of demography and its relevance to other disciplines. Demographic data: their sources, classification, uses and limitation. Evaluation, adjustment and graduation methods of population data. Measurements of population dynamics: fertility, mortality and migration. Concepts of population change, population growth rates, measurements, estimation and problems of estimation. Standardization methods. Life table concepts, measurements and uses. Nuptiality table and regional differences in determinants of nuptial rates. Singulate mean age at marriage. Stable and quasi-stable population models. Introduction to the Brass/Sullivan/Trussel techniques of demographic estimation. Projection methods, uses and abuses of projection. Practical application of demographic knowledge in development.
|CGP 428||Applied Remote Sensing And Geographic Information Systems (gis)||45||View Description|
Applied Remote Sensing And Geographic Information Systems (gis) Description
Digital image processing procedures and software. Image acquisition, processing, enhancement and correction procedures. Image classification and post classification procedures. Image output and GIS integration. GIS database designs, georeferencing systems and GPS applications. Data representation in GIS, projection and scale, data conversion and imports, adding attribute data, topology data. Introduction to desktop GIS software. Introduction to spatial data analysis techniques. Modelling techniques in GIS. Interferometry. Spatial measurements and statistics in GIS and remote sensing. Simulation and modelling in GIS and remote sensing. Hands-on experience will be provided through various image processing and GIS software systems, including ERDAS, IDRISI, ArcView and ArcGIS.
|CGP 429||Applied Hydrology And Water Resources Management||45||View Description|
Applied Hydrology And Water Resources Management Description
Global water distribution. Kenya’s water resources. Hydrological measurement and data analysis. Water quality measurement and data analysis. Direct and indirect methods of collecting hydrological data. Application of Mannings formula, Chezys’ equations and other estimations. Flood analysis, damage and mitigation. Hydrological models. Hydrograph analysis. Unit hydrograph and time series analysis. Flow duration, mass curves, precipitation intensity-duration analysis. Water master plan and national water policy. Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM): principles, water quality and water pollution. Water resource challenges and solutions. Ground water occurrence, use and management. International water conventions.
|CGP 430||Poverty, Food Security And Livelihood Systems||45||View Description|
Poverty, Food Security And Livelihood Systems Description
Understanding the concepts of poverty, food security, livelihoods, vulnerability and adaptability. The relationship between poverty, food security and livelihoods. Theoretical models of poverty and livelihood frameworks. Measuring poverty and food insecurity. Poverty, migration and insecurity. Poverty and environment. Global and regional perspectives of poverty and food security situation. A geographical analysis of poverty in Kenya: levels, trends and patterns. A geographical analysis of food security situation in Kenya. National poverty reduction and food security strategies and policies. Case studies of coping mechanisms and livelihood strategies in sub-Saharan Africa.
|CGP 432||Coastal And Marine Resources Management||45||View Description|
Coastal And Marine Resources Management Description
Introduction to coastal geomorphology. Characteristics of marine, estuarine and delta environments and factors determining their location. Marine biodiversity, coral reef and mangrove ecosystems. Interaction between land and sea water resources. Marine pollution and impacts, impacts of inland land use and land cover change on the coastal environment. Tourism, fisheries and oil resources in the coastal zone and their impacts on coastal development. Ocean dynamics, climate, climate change and sea level changes and its impacts on the coastal and marine environment and productivity. Conservation and management of coastal and marine resources.
|CGP 434||Transport Geography||45||View Description|
Transport Geography Description
The bases for spatial interaction. Transportation and communication types. Movement of people, goods and information. Modal systems of transport and communication. Motorized to non-motorized transport ratio. Evolution of transport network and structure. Idealized model of transport network exchange. Expansion and planning of transport in developing and transitional countries. Locational analysis of communications media: importance of flows of information. Transport and location of economic activity. Transport, environment and energy. Sustainable transport. Research trends in transport and communication.
|CGP 436||Applied Climatology||45||View Description|
Applied Climatology Description
Introduction to applied climatology: scales of climate, climate as a resource, hazards and impact assessment. Microclimatology: radiation balance, photosynthesis and solar radiation, radiation balance of a vegetated surface, photoperiodism, soil climate and its effects on crop production. Water and plant growth: evaporation and evapotranspiration. The water balance: empirical formulae for determining water balance and evapotranspiration, water budget applications. Urban climate: atmospheric diffusion and pollution in urban environments, the urban heat island effect, urban climates of temperate and tropical cities, climate and urban designs. Climate variability and change: climate sensitivity, climate impacts assessment, climate and man. Global modeling and climate studies. Bioclimatology: physiological and psychological effects of weather/climate. Climate and agriculture: food production, crop models, the value of forecasts. The water cycle: measuring and evaluating water supplies and demand, floods and droughts. Methods in climatology, current research and satellite climatology.
|CGP 440||Project Paper||45||View Description|
Project Paper Description
This is a research paper on a topic chosen by the student in any aspect of Geography and Environmental Studies.
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